Nta ntawm kev siv turbo poov xab rau moonshine thiab caw

txheem

Rau ib txwm fermentation, poov xab, ntxiv rau qab zib, xav tau micro- thiab macronutrients. Nyob rau hauv cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo thiab grain brews, cov tshuaj no yog tam sim no, txawm hais tias tsis nyob rau hauv zoo kom muaj nuj nqis. Qhov nyuaj tshaj plaws yog nrog qab zib mash, qhov twg tsis muaj dab tsi ntxiv dua li dej, oxygen thiab qab zib. fermentation ntev dhau lawm ua rau cov khoom organoleptic ntawm cov dej haus yav tom ntej, thiab cov poov xab ua rau muaj kev phom sij ntau dua. Txawm li cas los xij, ceev ceev fermentation kuj tsis yog ib txwm zoo, peb yuav xav txog qhov xwm txheej no ntxiv. Tsis tas li ntawd, turbo poov xab muaj ob peb ntxiv nuances ntawm daim ntawv thov.

Yav dhau los, txhawm rau kom ceev cov fermentation, moonshiners siv cov khaub ncaws ua hauv tsev rau mash los ntawm ammonium sulfate thiab superphosphate. Piv txwv li, ammonia, qaib quav, nitrophoska thiab lwm yam, qee zaum malt thiab dub qhob cij ntxiv. Nrog rau qhov muaj koob meej loj hlob ntawm tsev brewing, poov xab manufacturers tau npaj lawv tus kheej txoj kev daws teeb meem, uas lawv hu ua "turbo".

Turbo poov xab yog hom cawv ntau hom uas tuaj nrog cov khoom noj khoom haus. Nws yog vim kev hnav khaub ncaws saum toj kawg nkaus uas cov poov xab ua kom nrawm dua, loj hlob, ua cov piam thaj thiab muaj kev kam rau siab rau cawv, uas ua rau nws muaj peev xwm kom tau txais cov khoom noj muaj zog hauv tsev. Piv txwv li, yog hais tias ntawm cov poov xab zoo tib yam lub zog ntawm mash tsis siab tshaj 12-14%, ces nrog turbo poov xab nws yog tiag tiag ntxiv mus rau 21% cawv cov ntsiab lus.

Nyob rau tib lub sijhawm, nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb uas yuav tsum nco ntsoov tias lub zog ntawm cov mash nyob ntawm cov ntsiab lus qab zib, thiab turbo poov xab tsuas tuaj yeem ua cov ntsiab lus siab dua ntawm nws, thaum cov niaj hnub twb nres (tsis zoo), tab sis tsis tuaj yeem tsim cawv los ntawm tsis muaj dab tsi. .

Turbo poov xab thawj zaug tshwm sim nyob rau hauv Sweden nyob rau hauv 1980s, tus sau ntawm thawj cov khoom noj khoom haus ntxiv yog Gert Strand. Ob peb xyoos tom qab, lwm cov tuam txhab tsim cov khoom sib tov zoo dua. Cov hom lus Askiv tam sim no yog thawj lub lag luam turbo poov xab.

Qhov zoo thiab qhov tsis zoo ntawm turbo poov xab

Zoo:

  • siab fermentation tus nqi (1-4 hnub piv rau 5-10 hnub rau cov pa poov xab);
  • lub sijhawm kom muaj zog mash (txog 21% vol. piv rau 12-14% vol.);
  • ruaj khov fermentation.

tsis zoo:

  • tus nqi siab (qhov nruab nrab, turbo poov xab rau moonshine yog 4-5 npaug kim dua li niaj zaus);
  • ceev heev fermentation tus nqi (1-2 hnub) tsub kom lub concentration ntawm teeb meem tshuaj;
  • feem ntau incomprehensible muaj pes tsawg leeg ntawm sab saum toj hnav khaub ncaws.

Cov tuam txhab lag luam feem ntau tsis sau cov ntsiab lus tseeb ntawm turbo poov xab, txwv lawv tus kheej los piav qhia tias cov khoom muaj xws li cov poov xab qhuav, cov as-ham, vitamins thiab kab kawm. Muaj ib txwm muaj kev pheej hmoo tias cov muaj pes tsawg leeg tsis muaj cov khoom tseem ceeb tshaj plaws rau tib neeg lub cev, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog vim lawv cov concentration yog qhov tsis nkag siab.

Nta ntawm kev siv turbo poov xab rau moonshine thiab caw
Feem ntau turbo poov xab yuav tsum tau ua ua ntej.

Hom turbo poov xab rau moonshine

Qab zib, txiv hmab txiv ntoo thiab nplej brews xav tau ntau hom poov xab thiab hnav khaub ncaws saum toj kawg nkaus.

Turbo poov xab rau cov nplej brews yuav muaj cov enzyme glucoamylase, uas zom cov suab thaj nyuaj rau hauv cov yooj yim, uas ua rau cov poov xab ua haujlwm. Tsis tas li ntawd, qee cov tuam ntxhab ntxiv cov hluav taws xob hluav taws xob kom nqus tau cov khoom tsis zoo, tab sis qhov ua tau zoo ntawm cov tshuaj no yog qhov tsis ntseeg vim qhov tsawg ntawm cov charcoal thiab nws cov peev xwm tsis tshua muaj peev xwm los ntxuav mash.

Lub xub ntiag ntawm glucoamylase nyob rau hauv muaj pes tsawg leeg tsis tshem tawm qhov yuav tsum tau saccharify starch-muaj raw cov ntaub ntawv siv ib tug kub los yog txias txoj kev. Qee cov turbo poov xab muaj cov enzymes amylosubtilin thiab glucavamorin, uas txias saccharify raw cov ntaub ntawv. Cov lus qhia Turbo poov xab yuav tsum hais yog tias xav tau saccharification.

Turbo poov xab rau cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo brews feem ntau kuj muaj cov enzyme pectinase, uas rhuav tshem pectin, uas ua rau kom zoo dua kev sib cais ntawm cov kua txiv hmab txiv ntoo thiab tsawg methyl cawv, thiab mash nrog ib tug tsawg pectin ntsiab lus meej sai dua.

Turbo poov xab rau qab zib mash muaj qhov yooj yim tshaj plaws nyob rau hauv cov ntaub ntawv no, vim hais tias nyob rau hauv cov ntaub ntawv no koj tsis tas yuav saib xyuas ntawm khaws cia lub aroma thiab saj, lub moonshiner tsuas muaj ib txoj hauj lwm - kom tau lub purest nruab nrab cawv los yog distillate.

Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom nco ntsoov tias feem ntau turbo poov xab yog tsim tshwj xeeb rau moonshine. Cov neeg tsim khoom cia siab tias cov tshuaj ntxiv los ntawm kev hnav khaub ncaws saum toj kawg nkaus yuav raug tshem tawm thaum lub sij hawm distillation lossis rectification, thiab rau cov cawv txiv hmab koj yuav tsum tau yuav hom tshwj xeeb. Turbo poov xab rau cawv yuav tsum muaj kev hnav khaub ncaws saum toj kawg nkaus, vim qee qhov micro thiab macro ntsiab yuav nyob hauv cov cawv mus ib txhis thiab yuav qaug cawv los ntawm ib tug neeg. Koj tuaj yeem ua moonshine nrog wine poov xab, tab sis qhov rov qab hloov pauv (wine nrog turbo poov xab rau moonshine) tsis pom zoo. Tus kheej, rau kev nyab xeeb vim li cas (muaj pes tsawg leeg thiab concentration ntawm cov tshuaj tsis paub), kuv tsis siv turbo poov xab ua cawv.

Kev siv turbo poov xab

Cov lus qhia rau turbo poov xab yuav tsum tau luam tawm ntawm lub pob ntawv thiab yuav tsum tau ua raws li vim hais tias txawv hom thiab hnav khaub ncaws saum toj kawg nkaus muaj qhov sib txawv.

Tsuas yog qee qhov kev pom zoo dav dav tuaj yeem ua:

  • thaum yuav khoom, xyuas cov hnub tas sij hawm thiab kev ncaj ncees ntawm pob. Turbo poov xab yuav tsum tau muab tso rau hauv ib lub hnab ntawm tuab laminated zaj duab xis nrog ib tug puab ntawv ci txheej, lwm yam ntim yuav txo tau lub txee lub neej;
  • nruj me ntsis ua raws li qhov ntsuas kub uas tau teev tseg hauv cov lus qhia (feem ntau yog 20-30 ° C), txwv tsis pub cov poov xab yuav tuag vim qhov kub thiab txias (tseem ceeb heev yog tias qhov ntim ntawm mash yog ntau tshaj 40-50 litres, vim fermentation ntawm xws li. lub ntim hauv nws tus kheej nce qhov kub thiab txias) lossis nres vim nws qis dhau;
  • Nws raug nquahu kom qhia meej cov mash ntawm turbo poov xab ua ntej distillation kom precipitate qhov siab tshaj plaws ntawm cov khoom los ntawm kev hnav khaub ncaws saum toj kawg nkaus;
  • Ib pob qhib ntawm turbo poov xab tuaj yeem khaws cia rau 3-4 lub lis piam hauv lub tub yees, tom qab tshem tawm cov huab cua los ntawm nws thiab kaw kom nruj.

Sau ntawv cia Ncua