Yuav ua li cas noj cov vitamins B kom raug

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Cov vitamins B yog qhov tseem ceeb heev rau cov metabolism hauv ib txwm, tiv thaiv kab mob thiab lub paj hlwb, thiab lawv qhov tsis muaj peev xwm cuam tshuam rau cov tsos thiab kev noj qab haus huv. Ua ke nrog cov kws tshaj lij, peb paub tias yuav ua li cas noj cov vitamins B kom tau txais txiaj ntsig zoo tshaj plaws.

Cov vitamins B raug suav hais tias yog qhov yooj yim vim tias lawv muab tag nrho cov txheej txheem zog hauv lub cev.1. Lawv yog ib qho tseem ceeb rau kev ntxhov siab, kev ntxhov siab ntau ntxiv thiab lub siab tsis ruaj khov.1. Nrog lawv cov kev pab, koj tuaj yeem ntxiv dag zog rau lub cev tiv thaiv kab mob, txhim kho kev nco thiab saib xyuas, qhov xwm txheej ntawm daim tawv nqaij, plaub hau thiab rau tes.

Kev noj cov vitamins B nyob rau hauv daim ntawv ntawm cov tshuaj thiab cov khoom noj khoom haus yuav tsum tau yog tias lawv tsis txaus nrog cov zaub mov.

Dab tsi yog cov vitamins B

Cov vitamins B yog ib pawg ntawm cov tshuaj lom neeg lom neeg uas muaj cov khoom zoo sib xws:

  • tsis tsim nyob rau hauv lub cev raws li tus nqi, yog li lawv yuav tsum tau los ntawm sab nraud;
  • yaj hauv dej;
  • koom nrog hauv cellular metabolism ntawm tag nrho cov kabmob thiab cov kab ke, nrog rau kev tiv thaiv kab mob, digestive, paj hlwb, endocrine, hlab plawv;
  • muaj cov khoom neurotropic, yog li lawv tseem ceeb heev rau kev ua haujlwm ntawm lub hauv nruab nrab thiab peripheral paj hlwb.2.

Txhua cov vitamin muaj nws tus kheej "zones ntawm lub luag haujlwm", thaum tag nrho cov micronutrients los ntawm pab pawg no muaj txiaj ntsig zoo rau kev ua haujlwm ntawm cov paj hlwb. B1, B6 thiab B12 yog suav hais tias yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws neuroprotectors.2. Kev sib xyaw ntawm cov vitamins no tau muab rau ntau yam kab mob hauv lub paj hlwb: yog tias sab nraub qaum yog "tshuaj", txhais caj npab yog "tso", lossis sab nraub qaum yog "jammed".

Cov ntaub ntawv tseem ceeb ntawm cov vitamins B

Vitamin npeUa haujlwm li cas
B1 los yog thiaminePab zom cov proteins, rog thiab carbohydrates, restores peripheral paj hlwb, ua kom lub cev ua haujlwm ntawm lub hlwb neurons. Qhov tsis muaj cov vitamin no ua rau muaj kev puas tsuaj hauv kev nco thiab lub peev xwm ntawm lub hlwb.2.
B6 (pyridoxine)Stimulates zus tau tej cov "kev zoo siab hormone" serotonin thiab txo qhov kev pheej hmoo ntawm kev nyuaj siab, nrog rau ua rau kom lub hlwb thiab lub cev kev ua tau zoo.2. Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb heev rau cov poj niam, vim hais tias nws txo qhov mob thaum lub sij hawm cev xeeb tub, thiab thaum lub sij hawm cev xeeb tub nws muaj kev koom tes nyob rau hauv lub tsim ntawm lub hlwb ntawm tus me nyuam hauv plab.
B12 (cyanocobalamin)Pab kom nce qib ntawm hemoglobin hauv cov ntshav, tswj cov haujlwm ntawm lub plab hnyuv thiab lub paj hlwb.2.
B9 (folic acid)Txhawb kev ua haujlwm ntawm cov hlab plawv thiab lub cev tiv thaiv kab mob, yog qhov tseem ceeb thaum cev xeeb tub, vim nws koom nrog kev tsim ntawm lub paj hlwb ntawm fetal. Cov txiv neej xav tau los txhim kho kev ua me nyuam.
B2 (riboflavin)Koom nrog tsim kev tiv thaiv kab mob thiab tswj kev ua haujlwm ntawm cov thyroid caj pas. Pab tswj kev noj qab haus huv thiab kev zoo nkauj ntawm daim tawv nqaij, plaub hau thiab rau tes.
B3 (nicotinic acid, niacinamide, PP)Ua kom cov metabolism hauv cov rog thiab cov protein, txo cov qib "phem" cholesterol hauv cov ntshav, ua kom cov hlab ntsha thiab txhim kho cov ntshav khiav mus rau lub hlwb.
B5 (pantothenic acid)Nws pab tshem tawm co toxins los ntawm lub cev, yog li nws yuav pab tau rau toxicosis ntawm cov poj niam cev xeeb tub, hangovers thiab lwm yam intoxication. Tsis tas li ntawd, cov vitamin no qeeb cov txheej txheem kev laus, tiv thaiv cov plaub hau grey thaum ntxov thiab hyperpigmentation.
B7 (biotin lossis vitamin H)Koom nrog cov synthesis ntawm collagen, pab ntxiv dag zog rau cov plaub hau thiab rau tes. Txo cov ntshav qab zib kom tsawg thiab muaj kev tiv thaiv ntawm cov hlab plawv.

Cov lus qhia ib ntus rau kev noj cov vitamins B

Cov lus qhia ib kauj ruam dhau ib kauj ruam yooj yim los ntawm KP yuav qhia koj yuav ua li cas txiav txim siab qhov tsis txaus ntawm cov vitamins B, yuav ua li cas xaiv cov tshuaj thiab yuav ua li cas ceev faj thaum noj nws.

Kauj Ruam 1. Mus cuag kws kho mob

Yog tias koj xav tias koj tsis muaj cov vitamins B, tham nrog koj tus kws kho mob txog qhov ua rau koj thab koj. Ib tus kws kho mob paub txog yuav kawm txog cov tsos mob thiab qhia koj tias cov vitamins twg los ntawm pab pawg no yuav tsum tau noj.

Tej zaum nws yuav tsim nyog yuav tsum tau kuaj xyuas qib ntawm cov vitamins B txhawm rau txiav txim siab qhov twg micronutrient tsis muaj nyob hauv lub cev.

Tej zaum koj yuav tsum tau kuaj xyuas los ntawm lwm tus kws kho mob tshwj xeeb (tus kws kho mob gastroenterologist, endocrinologist), vim tias qhov tsis txaus ntawm cov vitamins B feem ntau pom nyob rau hauv cov kab mob ntawm daim siab, kab mob plab, thyroid caj pas.3.

Kauj Ruam 2. Xaiv cov tshuaj

Nws yog qhov zoo tshaj yog tias cov vitamins B raug tshuaj los ntawm kws kho mob. Thaum xaiv ntawm koj tus kheej, sab laj tus kws muag tshuaj lossis kawm cov ntaub ntawv hais txog cov tshuaj lossis kev noj haus ntxiv. Ua ntej tshaj plaws, koj yuav tsum tau them sai sai rau qhov muaj pes tsawg leeg, ntau npaum li cas thiab kev tswj hwm. 

Kauj ruam 3. Ua raws li cov lus qhia

Thaum noj cov vitamins B, yuav tsum paub txog lawv qhov tsis sib haum nrog qee yam khoom noj thiab tshuaj. Tsis txhob tshaj qhov ntau npaum li cas los ntawm cov chaw tsim khoom. Qhov no yuav tsis coj cov txiaj ntsig, vim tias lub cev tseem yuav nqus tau ntau npaum li nws xav tau.

Kauj Ruam 4: Saib xyuas koj li cas

Yog tias tom qab noj cov vitamins, lub xeev ntawm kev noj qab haus huv tsis tau zoo dua, mus ntsib kws kho mob. Tej zaum qhov ua rau kev noj qab haus huv tsis zoo tsis cuam tshuam nrog kev tsis txaus ntawm cov vitamins B.

Kws kho mob cov lus qhia txog kev noj cov vitamins B

Cov vitamins B tau dav siv hauv kev kho mob. Neurologists feem ntau pom zoo ua ke ntawm B1 + B6 + B12 rau trigeminal neuralgia, lumbago, sciatica, polyneuropathy.3,4. Cov micronutrients no kho cov qauv ntawm cov paj hlwb thiab muaj cov nyhuv analgesic.3, thiab tseem pab txo qis homocysteine ​​​​cov ntshav siab.

Biotin (vitamin B7) thiab thiamine nyob rau hauv daim ntawv ntawm monopreparations feem ntau yog muab rau cov ntshav qab zib.

Nws yuav tsum tau muab sau tseg tias monodrugs muaj ntau contraindications piv rau cov tshuaj ua ke, yog li lawv yuav tsum tsis txhob noj yam tsis tau kev tso cai los ntawm kws kho mob.

Cov ntsiav tshuaj kws kho mob pom zoo kom noj 1-3 zaug hauv ib hnub, tsis txhob zom thiab haus cov kua me me. Tus kws kho mob sau cov tshuaj tiv thaiv ib tus zuj zus3,4

Nrov lus nug thiab lus teb

Cov lus nug nrov tshaj plaws txog kev noj cov vitamins B yog teb los ntawm peb cov kws tshaj lij: Tus kws muag tshuaj Nadezhda Ershova thiab tus kws muag khoom noj khoom haus Anna Batueva.

Thaum twg yog lub sijhawm zoo tshaj plaws ntawm hnub kom noj cov vitamins B?

- Noj cov vitamins B tom qab noj mov, nws raug nquahu kom faib cov koob tshuaj txhua hnub rau 2-3 koob tshuaj. Yog tias koj noj tsuas yog 1 ntsiav tshuaj lossis tshuaj ntsiav, ces nws yog qhov zoo tshaj rau noj thaum sawv ntxov. Qee cov tshuaj thiab kev noj zaub mov nrog cov vitamins B muaj cov nyhuv tonic, yog li koj yuav tsum tsis txhob haus lawv ua ntej yuav mus pw.

Yuav ua li cas xaiv cov koob tshuaj ntawm cov vitamins B?

- Kev xaiv ntau npaum li cas yog txoj haujlwm ntawm tus kws kho mob tshwj xeeb (tus kws kho mob, kws kho mob hlwb, kws kho mob noj zaub mov). Rau kev tiv thaiv ntawm hypovitaminosis, cov vitamins raug sau rau hauv cov koob tshuaj uas tsis pub tshaj qhov xav tau ntawm lub cev txhua hnub. Kev noj tshuaj ntau ntxiv ntawm cov vitamins yog xav tau los kho qee yam kab mob pathological. Hauv qhov no, kev kho mob yog nqa tawm hauv cov kev kawm luv luv. Thaum xaiv cov tshuaj ntawm koj tus kheej, koj yuav tsum kawm txog cov muaj pes tsawg leeg, paub koj tus kheej nrog contraindications thiab ua raws li cov cai ntawm kev noj cov tshuaj pom zoo los ntawm cov khw.

Yuav ua li cas cov vitamins B zoo tshaj plaws absorbed?

- Nws yog qhov tsis tsim nyog los muab cov vitamins nrog kev noj cov tshuaj yej muaj zog, kas fes, cawv thiab khoom noj siv mis. Yog tias koj siv tshuaj tua kab mob, tshuaj tiv thaiv qhov ncauj, tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob (xws li tshuaj kub hnyiab), nws yog qhov zoo tshaj los teem sijhawm koj noj cov tshuaj vitamin tsawg kawg ib teev tom qab.

Yuav ua li cas muab cov vitamins B sib xyaw ua ke?

- Cov vitamins ntawm pab pawg B, thaum sib xyaw, tuaj yeem txo qhov kev ua haujlwm ntawm ib leeg, txawm li cas los xij, cov thev naus laus zis niaj hnub tuaj yeem daws qhov teeb meem no. Cov kev npaj tau zoo tau nthuav tawm hauv khw muag tshuaj, qhov twg ib qho ampoule lossis ntsiav tshuaj muaj ntau cov vitamins ntawm pab pawg B. Tab sis cov thev naus laus zis no tsis siv los ntawm txhua tus neeg tsim khoom, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog cov khoom noj khoom haus.

Dab tsi yog txoj hauv kev zoo tshaj plaws los noj cov vitamins B?

- Ntau yam nyob ntawm qhov laj thawj uas tus kws kho mob tau sau cov tshuaj vitamin. Cov vitamins nyob rau hauv daim ntawv ntawm kev txhaj tshuaj ua sai dua thiab feem ntau yog muab raws li analgesics rau neurological mob. Feem ntau, nws yog qhov zoo dua los siv cov ntawv ntsiav tshuaj. Kev kho mob nrog kev txhaj tshuaj, qhov nruab nrab, yog 7-10 hnub. Cov ntsiav tshuaj tuaj yeem noj rau 30 hnub lossis ntev dua.

Cov vitamin deficiency tshwm sim nws tus kheej li cas?

- Kev tsis txaus ntawm cov vitamins B tuaj yeem tshwm sim thaum cev xeeb tub, tawm tsam keeb kwm ntawm kev noj zaub mov tsis zoo, kab mob hauv plab thiab kev ntxhov siab ntev. Cov tsos mob tsis txaus yuav muaj xws li:

• tawv nqaij qhuav;

• nkig plaub hau thiab rau tes;

• apathy thiab kev nyuaj siab;

• qaug zog sai thiab tsis muaj zog;

• teeb meem nrog kev nco;

• loog thiab tingling ntawm qhov kawg;

• "zaedy" nyob rau hauv lub ces kaum ntawm lub qhov ncauj;

• plaub hau poob.

Tus kws tshaj lij tshwj xeeb, raws li cov tsos mob, yuav muaj peev xwm txheeb xyuas qhov twg cov vitamin tsis txaus los ntawm pab pawg no yuav tsum tau muab ntxiv.

Yuav ua li cas yog qhov tshwm sim ntawm overabundance ntawm cov vitamins B?

- Kev noj tshuaj ntau dhau thaum soj ntsuam cov koob tshuaj pom zoo tsis zoo li - cov vitamins B yog cov dej-soluble, tsis suav nrog hauv lub cev thiab tawm sai sai.

Kuv puas tuaj yeem tau txais kuv cov vitamins B txhua hnub los ntawm cov khoom noj?

-Nws muaj peev xwm yog tias cov khoom noj muaj ntau yam, sib npaug thiab muaj cov khoom ntawm cov tsiaj keeb kwm. Yog li, feem ntau qhov tsis txaus ntawm cov vitamins ntawm pab pawg B tshwm sim hauv cov neeg tsis noj nqaij, vegans thiab cov neeg uas saib xyuas kev yoo mov thiab kev noj zaub mov nruj. Cov neeg laus feem ntau tsis muaj cov vitamins no vim tias lawv cov khoom noj muaj tsawg hauv cov khoom noj nqaij. Feem ntau cov vitamins B muaj nyob rau hauv legumes, daim siab, qe qe, txiv ntseej, cereals, buckwheat thiab oatmeal, cov khoom noj siv mis thiab qaub-mis, nqaij thiab ntses ntawm ntau yam. Cov vitamins los ntawm legumes thiab cereals yog absorbed zoo dua yog tias lawv soaked ua ntej ua noj.

Qhov chaw ntawm:

  1. Sechenov University. Xov xwm los ntawm 16.12.2020/XNUMX/XNUMX. E. Shih "Vitamins ntawm pab pawg B pab kom tiv taus kev nyuaj siab." Tsab ntawv xov xwm no tshwm sim thawj zaug https://www.sechenov.ru/pressroom/news/evgeniya-shikh-vitaminy-gruppy-b-pomogayut-luchshe-perenosit-umstvennuyu-nagruzku-/
  2. Kho kho. B vitamins hauv kev kho mob. YOG. Morozova, Kws Kho Mob Kev Tshawb Fawb, Xib Fwb, OS Durnetsova, Ph.D. Tsab xov xwm los ntawm 16.06.2016/XNUMX/XNUMX. https://remedium.ru/doctor/neurology/vitaminy-gruppy-vv-klinicheskoy-praktike/
  3. Lavxias teb sab kev kho mob phau ntawv xov xwm, No. 31 hnub tim 29.12.2014/XNUMX/XNUMX. "Algorithms thiab cov txheej txheem kho mob rau kev siv Neuromultivit hauv kev ua paj hlwb". Kutsemelov IB, Berkut OA, Kushnareva VV, Postnikova AS https://www.rmj.ru/articles/nevrologiya/Algoritmy_i_klinicheskie_rekome

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  4. "Kev kho mob ntawm kev siv cov vitamins B". Biryukova EV Shinkin MV Lavxias teb sab kev kho mob phau ntawv xov xwm. No. 9 hnub tim 29.10.2021/XNUMX/XNUMX. https://www.rmj.ru/articles/endokrinologiya/Klinicheskie_aspekty_primeneniya_

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