Kaum ib hlis khoom noj

txheem

Yog li Lub Kaum Hli dhau mus, uas, ua rau peb ntshai nrog huab cua phem, tseem qee zaum muab hnub zoo rau peb, tshav ntuj. Ntawm lub ntswg lub hli kawg ntawm lub caij nplooj zeeg - Kaum ib hlis.

Nws, nws zoo ib yam li nws ua ntej, ua rau peb ntxhov siab ntawm kev suav lub hli ntawm ib xyoos. Raws li Gregorian daim ntawv qhia hnub, nws yog xyoo thib kaum, tab sis raws li daim ntawv qhia hnub nyoog Roman - lub cuaj, uas tau dhau los ua lub hauv paus ntawm nws lub npe (los ntawm Latin Kaum ib hlis, uas yog, cuaj). Tab sis peb cov poj koob yawm txwv tau hu nws txawv: Qha, Nplooj, Nplooj, Ntshav, Mis, Tso kom khov, Lub caij ntuj no ci, Ib nrab-caij ntuj no, Svadnik, Ib lub hlis ntawm tag nrho cov pantries, Lub caij ntuj no lub rooj vag.

Kaum ib hlis yuav tsis pamper peb nrog sov - tom qab tag nrho, nws feem ntau sweeps nrog daus, hem Mikhailovsky thiab Kazan te, pos huab thiab tsis tshua muaj yaj. Lub hlis no nplua nuj nyob hauv tsev teev ntuj thiab hnub so hnub so, thiab nws kuj cim lub cim pib ntawm Nativity Fast.

 

Kaum ib hlis yog lub caij nyoog zoo tsis tsuas yog xav txog kev noj zaub mov zoo, tab sis kuj pauv mus rau nws. Yuav pib nrog, teb cov lus nug rau koj tus kheej: "Kev noj haus kom zoo rau yus lub cev yog dab tsi?", "Yuav ua li cas thiaj tsim koj phau ntawv teev khoom noj?", "Yuav ua li cas tsim kev noj haus?" kev noj haus? ”,“ Los ntawm txoj ntsiab cai twg xaiv cov khoom noj? “,” Kev tshaib kev nqhis, kev quav tej khoom noj thiab khoom noj txom ncauj yog dab tsi? ”

Yog li, cov khoom siv ntawm lub Kaum Ib Hlis:

Zaub pob qe

Cov zaub muaj ob xyoos ntawm tsev neeg Cruciferous, uas muaj cov qia tuab tuab (txog 60 cm lossis ntau dua) thiab nplooj oblong, uas, thaum siav, tsim cov qia me me. Ntawm ib qho ntawm nws cov hav txwv yeem, 50-100 daim ntawm "cov ntawv me me" ntawm cov zaub qhwv dawb tuaj yeem loj hlob.

Belgian cov zaub cog tau cog cov zaub no los ntawm ntau hom kale. Yog li no, thaum piav txog cov nroj tsuag no, Karl Linnaeus tau muab nws lub npe rau hauv lawv txoj kev hwm. Ua haujlwm dhau sijhawm, "Belgian" zaub qhwv tau kis dav hauv Holland, Lub Tebchaws Yelemees thiab Fabkis, thiab tom qab ntawd - hauv cov tebchaws nyob thoob plaws Western Europe, Canada thiab Tebchaws Asmeskas. Nws muaj cov ntsiab lus tsis tshua zoo rau lub cev - 43 kcal ib 100 g thiab muaj cov khoom siv tseem ceeb xws li folic acid, yooj yim zom thiab muaj protein ntau, fiber, potassium, phosphorus, hlau, magnesium, B-pab pawg vitamins, provitamin A, vitamin C.

Kev siv Brussels sprouts tiv thaiv kab mob plawv, txo qib carcinogens hauv lub cev, txhim kho kev ua haujlwm ntawm endocrine, lub paj hlwb thiab lub cev tiv thaiv kab mob, ntxiv dag zog rau phab ntsa ntawm cov hlab ntshav, thiab txhawb kev tsim cov qe ntshav liab. Ib qho ntxiv, cov zaub no txo ​​qis kev pheej hmoo ntawm kev tsim cov qog nqaij hlav cancer ntawm lub qhov quav, lub mis thiab lub ncauj tsev menyuam. Nws kuj tseem pom zoo rau ntshav qab zib, cem quav, mob ntshav qab zib, kab mob hauv lub plawv, mob khaub thuas, pw tsis tsaug zog, mob hawb pob, mob ntsws ntev, mob ntsws, ua kom rov ua haujlwm tau zoo ntawm cov txiav. Kev siv Brussels sprouts thaum cev xeeb tub pab txhawb txoj kev txhim kho ntawm cov menyuam hauv plab lub paj hlwb, txo kev pheej hmoo ntawm kev yug menyuam tsis xws luag.

Brussels sprouts tau siv dav hauv kev ua noj vim tias lawv qab heev, tsis qab. Piv txwv li, nws tuaj yeem ua noj nrog nqaij npuas kib, qe, nceb, qhob cij crumbs, noob hnav, qhiav ntses, nqaij qaib, "Italian style", "Brussels style". Mis kua zaub, medallions, kua zaub, omelet, zaub xam lav, casserole, kulebyaku, pies tuaj yeem suav tias yog cov zaub mov qab heev los ntawm cov zaub no.

Radish

Hais txog cov nroj tsuag txhua xyoo / ib xyoos ntawm Radish genus ntawm Cabbage tsev neeg. Cov zaub no txawv ntawm qhov sib npaug, oblong lossis oval hauv paus zaub ntawm dub, dawb, txho, ntsuab, paj yeeb lossis ntshav.

Ancient Egypt yog suav tias yog qhov chaw yug ntawm radish, qhov twg nws cov noob tau siv los npaj roj zaub. Los ntawm cov av Iyiv, cov radish "tsiv" rau Ancient Tim Nkij teb chaws (qhov chaw nws muaj txiaj ntsig tsim nws qhov hnyav hauv kub) thiab rau cov tebchaws hauv Tebchaws Europe. Tab sis radish tau coj mus rau thaj av ntawm peb lub teb chaws los ntawm Asia, ntawm no nws sai sai ua tsis yog nrov xwb, tab sis kuj yog tus "tus cawm seej" ntawm Slavs nyob rau hauv lub sijhawm kev tshaib plab.

Cov hauv paus zaub radish muaj cov zaub mov, cov protein, carbohydrates, organic acids, cov roj tseem ceeb, vitamin C, B2, B1, glucosides, qab zib, sulfur-uas muaj tshuaj, fiber ntau, potassium, sodium, magnesium, calcium, hlau, phosphorus, amino acids.

Radish muaj phytoncidal, antimicrobial, tua kab mob thiab anti-sclerotic zog, nce qib ntawm cov zaub mov ntsev thiab cov vitamins hauv lub cev. Hauv tshuaj kho mob hauv pej xeem, hauv ntau cov zaub mov txawv, radish pom zoo kom siv los txhawb kev qab los noj mov, kho urolithiasis thiab radiculitis, khoob lub zais plab, tshem tawm cov kua dej ntau dhau ntawm lub cev, tsim cov kua tsib, thiab txhawb cov plab hnyuv. Thiab nws tseem muaj nyob hauv kev noj haus ntawm cov khoom noj khoom haus kho mob rau hemoptysis, plab hnyuv atony, raum thiab kab mob siab, cholecystitis, cem quav, kom cov plaub hau muaj zog.

Keeb kwm thiab cov hluas radish nplooj tau siv hauv kev ua noj. Lawv tuaj yeem siv los ua cov kua zaub qab, zaub nyoos, borscht, okroshka, khoom noj txom ncauj, txhua yam zaub thiab nqaij tais.

Pob Tsuas Liab

Qhov no yog zaub ntawm Celery tsev neeg, uas pom qhov txawv los ntawm tuab, pleasantly tsw thiab qab zib hauv paus, ntse-ribbed qia thiab nplooj feathery. Txiv hmab txiv ntoo Parsnip muaj qhov sib npaug-ntsej muag lossis nrawm-puab cov duab, daj-xim av xim.

Keeb kwm, parsnips (aracachu lossis Peruvian carrots) tau loj hlob los ntawm Quechua Isdias Asmesliskas rau lawv cov keeb kwm muaj protein ntau. Nws muaj cov vitamin C, carotene, cov roj yam tseem ceeb, carbohydrates, vitamin B2, B1, PP, cov roj yam tseem ceeb, ntsev ntsev, zom zaub mov carbohydrates, potassium. Cov tshuaj muaj txiaj ntsig tau pom ob qho tib si hauv nplooj (cov roj tseem ceeb) thiab hauv cov hauv paus parsnip (fructose thiab sucrose).

Kev siv ntawm parsnips pab ua rau kom muaj libido, txo cov dej hauv lub cev, txhim kho kev zom thiab cov ntshav ncig, muaj cov txiaj ntsig zoo ntawm cov leeg hlwb, thiab txo lub raum thiab hepatic colic. Tsis tas li, parsnips muaj analgesic, sedative, expectorant thiab diuretic zog. Nws raug pom zoo rau cov kab mob plawv, vitiligo, alopecia areata, mob taub hau, mob plawv neuroses thiab mob ntshav siab tsis txaus, ntshav siab, mob leeg thiab neuroses.

Hauv kev ua noj, keeb kwm keeb kwm yog qhuav thiab ntxiv rau cov hmoov sib tov ntawm cov khoom xyaw. Thiab tseem qaug zog ntsim parsnip zaub ntsuab yog siv rau hauv kev npaj zaub mov tais, npaj kua zaub xyaw thiab cov zaub mov kaus poom.

Okra

okra, poj niam ntiv tes, gombo

Nws yog rau cov zaub muaj txiaj ntsig cov qoob loo ntawm cov nroj tsuag nroj tsuag txhua xyoo ntawm tsev neeg Malvaceae. Differs nyob rau hauv ib tug branched tuab qia, txo nplooj ntawm ib lub teeb ntxoov ntxoo ntawm ntsuab, loj cream paj. Cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo nyob rau plaub yog plaub- lossis yim sab ntsuab “thawv” nrog cov noob.

Lub teb chaws uas dhau los ua qhov chaw yug ntawm okra tsis tau ntseeg tau paub, tab sis feem ntau cov txiv ntoo no muaj nyob hauv cov tebchaws Africa, North America, thiab Is Nrias teb. Cov neeg cog qoob loo tshiab niaj hnub tau kawm los cog nws hauv cov cheeb tsam txias (piv txwv li peb lub teb chaws, Russia, European lub tebchaws).

Okra belongs rau cov khoom noj uas muaj calorie tsawg - tsuas yog 31 kcal ib 100 g thiab muaj cov khoom tseem ceeb xws li: hlau, protein, fiber ntau, vitamins C, K, B6, A, calcium, potassium, folic acid. Nws raug pom zoo kom siv los ntawm cov poj niam cev xeeb tub, cov neeg mob ntshav qab zib, cov neeg mob plab hnyuv, cov neeg rog rog. Okra txhawb kev rov qab los ntawm angina, kev nyuaj siab, mob nkees, mob hawb pob, atherosclerosis, rwj, tsam plab, cem quav, impotence.

Ntxiv nrog rau cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo, cov tub ntxhais hluas okra nplooj kuj tseem siv rau hauv kev ua noj rau stewed thiab hau lauj kaub tais diav, zaub nyoos, khaws cia thiab ua ib sab zaub mov. Nws cov noob nplej ci tuaj yeem siv hloov kas fes.

spinach

Xa mus rau cov nroj tsuag zaub ntsuab ntawm Amaranth tsev neeg txhua xyoo. Nws txawv hauv qhov kaj lossis tsaus ntsuab, corrugated lossis nplooj du uas zoo ib yam li tib neeg txhais tes. Thiab nws tseem muaj greenish paj me me thiab txiv hmab txiv ntoo nyob rau hauv daim ntawv ntawm oval ceev.

BC zaub ntsuab tau loj hlob hauv Ancient Persia, tab sis cov tub rog ntseeg tau coj nws mus rau Tebchaws Europe thaum lawv rov qab los ntawm Crusades. Kom txog rau thaum tam sim no, hauv Arab lub teb chaws, nws suav hais tias yog qhov tseem ceeb hauv kev npaj muaj ntau yam tais diav.

Tsawg-calorie spinach - 22 kcal ib 100 g ntawm nplooj tshiab, uas muaj vitamin C, B6, A, B2, B1, PP, E, P, K, D2, protein, iodine, yooj yim zom thiab muaj sia rau cov hlau, cov zaub mov, poov tshuaj, fiber ...

Spinach nplooj muaj laxative, tonic, anti-inflammatory thiab diuretic effect. Noj zaub ntsuab pab tiv thaiv mob qog, ua kom yuag, ua kom lub plab tsis ua haujlwm, thiab pab txoj kev mob hlwb tsis zoo. Nws pom zoo rau kev ua haujlwm tsis txaus, ua rau qaug zog, ntshav tsis txaus, kub siab, mob plab, mob ntshav qab zib mellitus, enterocolitis.

Zaub ntsuab tuaj yeem siv los ua zaub nyoos, calzones, nqaij ntshiv, canneloni, quiches, nplej zom, zaub txhwb, yob, txiav, zaub qhwv, sabzu-kaurma, soufflés, mashed kua zaub, phali, nplej zom thiab lwm yam tais diav thiab txawv heev.

kiwi

Suav gooseberry

Muaj feem rau subspecies ntawm vaus viav vias ntawm Actinidia tsev neeg Suav thiab yog qhov txawv ntawm cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo nrog "plaub" tawv nqaij thiab nqaij ntsuab.

Lub chaw yug ntawm cov nroj tsuag no yog suav tias yog Tuam Tshoj nyob rau hauv uas nws nce qib, liana mikhutao, loj hlob. Thiab txawm hais tias tam sim no muaj ntau dua 50 ntau yam ntawm kiwi nyob hauv lub ntiaj teb, tsuas yog ob peb ntawm lawv muaj peev xwm ua tau. Cov neeg xa khoom tseem ceeb ntawm kiwi ntawm kev ntsuas kev lag luam yog New Zealand thiab Ltalis.

Kiwi txiv hmab txiv ntoo yog cov khoom noj muaj roj tsawg li nws muaj 48 kcal ib puas grams. Ntawm nws cov khoom siv yuav tsum muaj fiber ntau, qabzib, amino acids, fructose, magnesium, vitamin E, C, B1, A, PP, B2, B6, B3, potassium, beta-carotene, phosphorus, calcium, hlau, pectins, flavonoids , folic acid acid, enzymes, malic, citric, quinic thiab lwm cov kua txiv acids, actinidine.

Kev siv cov kiwi pab ua kom lub cev muaj zog tiv thaiv kab mob, tsim khoom ntawm collagen, lub cev hloov ntshav siab, tiv thaiv kev tsim cov nitrosamines thiab ntshav txhaws ntawm cov hlab ntsha. Nws pom zoo rau kev ua kom muaj zog ntau, kev tsis txaus siab ntawm lub plab, mob rheumatic, lub raum pob zeb, los txhim kho lub cev kev ua haujlwm, mob plawv. Thiab tseem yog cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo ntawm cov cog no txhawb txoj haujlwm ntawm lub plab, lub plab zom mov, lub plab hnyuv me thiab loj, tso zis cia, txuas ntxiv ntawm cev, cov leeg nqaij leeg. Kiwi muaj cov khoom ua antioxidant thiab antimutagenic thiab hlawv cov rog.

Hauv kev ua noj, kiwi yog siv los ua khoom qab zib, ncuav qab zib, yob, zaub nyoos, nqaij ntses, nqaij ntses pizza, kua phoov, ncuav qab zib, mov ci, mousse, marmalade, flan, fondue, kua ntsw, qab zib, confiture, ice cream, yogurt, punch, thaum ci nqaij. , kebabs thiab lwm yam.

cranberries

Ib tsob nroj ntsuab ntawm Lingonberry tsev neeg, uas pom qhov txawv los ntawm kev yuag yub thiab cov txiv kab ntxwv liab uas muaj qaub-iab.

Cranberries tau nthuav dav hauv ntau lub tebchaws hauv ntiaj teb uas muaj av hav zoov ntau, sedge-sphagnum, tundra lossis moss bogs. Nov yog cov npe me me ntawm cov tebchaws no: Russia (suav nrog Far East), peb lub tebchaws, qee lub tebchaws nyob sab Europe, Canada thiab Asmeskas.

Cranberries yog cov khoom uas tsis muaj calorie tsawg, vim tias tsuas muaj 100 kcal rau ib 26 grams ntawm cov txiv ntoo. Nws cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo muaj cov vitamins C, citric, quinic thiab benzoic acid, cov vitamins ntawm pawg K, B thiab PP, qab zib, cov roj tseem ceeb, carotene, pectin thiab tannins, calcium ntsev, potassium, phosphorus, iodine, hlau, magnesium, tooj liab, boron, cobalt, manganese, thiab lwm yam.

Noj cranberries txwv tsis pub cov roj "ua kom tsis zoo", ua kom cov hlab ntsha ywj siab thiab ntxiv dag zog, txhawb kev nqus ntawm cov vitamin C, txhim kho kev nco, thiab yaim cov leeg. Vim tias lawv muaj cov yam ntxwv tshuaj, cranberries tau pom zoo rau cov kab mob xws li: tonsillitis, mob khaub thuas, mob khaub thuas; rheumatism; avitaminosis; nquag ntxhov siab, mob nkees ntev thiab mob taub hau; insomnia; kab mob ntsws; atherosclerosis thiab kab mob ntawm cov hlab plawv; purulent txhab, mob txhab thiab hlawv ntawm daim tawv nqaij; caries thiab ncig kab mob; cov kab mob genitourinary.

Feem ntau cranberries tau noj tshiab los yog khov, thiab lawv tseem tuaj yeem qhuav thiab nqus dej, siv rau kev ua kua, txiv hmab txiv ntoo haus, khaws cia, jellies, jelly, cocktails thiab kvass, ntxiv rau cov pies, zaub nyoos thiab lwm yam tais diav.

Kua Antonovka

Nws yog rau ntau hom thaum ntxov lub caij ntuj no thiab muaj qhov txawv los ntawm kev muaj zog, tsob ntoo loj loj nrog tus kheej kheej kheej. Antonovka txiv hmab txiv ntoo yog nruab nrab, oval-conical lossis pav ca-puag ncig nyob rau hauv cov duab nrog lub ntsej muag lossis ribbed greenish nto, nrog tus yam ntxwv tsw thiab qaub saj.

Nws yog qhov tseem ceeb uas tsis muaj tus xeeb ntxwv ntawm "Antonovka" tsis tuaj yeem tsim ib yam nkaus li nws tau tsim los ntawm kev xaiv neeg pej xeem. Hauv cov tebchaws nyob sab Europe Sab Hnub Tuaj, cov txiv ntoo ntau yam no tau nthuav dav nyob rau ib nrab ntawm lub xyoo pua nees nkaum thiab tam sim no tau nthuav dav los ntawm cov tsiaj me me hauv Belarus, nruab nrab Russia thiab thaj tsam Volga, nyob rau sab qaum teb ntawm peb lub tebchaws. Ntawm nws cov nyiam ntau yam yog: "dawb", "grey", "dos", "qab zib", "tiaj", "tav", "txaij" thiab "iav" Antonovka.

Antonovka, zoo li txhua lub txiv av txiv ntoo, yog cov txiv ntoo uas muaj calorie tsawg - 47 kcal ib puas grams. Cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo ntawm cov ntau yam no muaj fiber ntau, organic acids, potassium, sodium, calcium, vitamins B3, A, B1, PP, C, magnesium, hlau, phosphorus, iodine thiab 80% dej. Ntawm nws cov khoom muaj txiaj ntsig, muaj peev xwm ua kom lub plab zom mov zoo, txo cov roj cholesterol, tiv thaiv kev txhim kho atherosclerosis, txhawb kev tiv thaiv kab mob, tsim cov tshuaj tua kab mob thiab tua kab mob rau lub cev, ntxiv dag zog rau cov leeg hlwb, thiab txhawb nqa lub hlwb. Nws raug nquahu kom noj txiv apples thaum kho kev mob hypovitaminosis, mob ntshav qab zib mellitus, los tiv thaiv kev txhim kho mob cancer, nrog neuroses.

Feem ntau, txiv apples yog noj cov nqaij nyoos, tab sis lawv tuaj yeem pickled, salted, ci, qhuav, ntxiv rau cov zaub nyoos, cov khoom qab zib, cov kua ntses, cov chav kawm tseem ceeb, haus thiab lwm yam kev ua noj ua haus.

Hiav txwv buckthorn

Raws li tsev neeg Lokhovye thiab tuaj yeem loj hlob zoo li tsob ntoo lossis tsob ntoo me nrog “ceg ntoo” thiab nplooj ntsuab ntsuab. Nws yog dav hauv Moldova, Russia, peb lub tebchaws thiab Caucasus.

Cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo ntawm hiav txwv buckthorn yog qhov me me, oval hauv cov duab nrog cov xim txiv kab ntxwv-liab lossis txiv kab ntxwv-daj, lus "lo ncig" cov ceg ntoo ntawm tsob ntoo. Cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo muaj qab zib thiab qaub saj, muaj qhov tshwj xeeb thiab tshwj xeeb tsw ntawm pineapple. Lawv muaj cov vitamins B1, C, B2, K, E, P, flavonoids, folic acid, carotenoids, betaine, choline, coumarin, organic acids (malic, citric, tartaric thiab caffeic acids), tannins, magnesium, sodium, silicon, hlau , txhuas, npib tsib xee, txhuas, strontium, molybdenum, thiab manganese.

Ua tsaug rau "dej cawv" no ntawm cov khoom siv muaj txiaj ntsig, hiav txwv buckthorn raug pom zoo rau kev ntxiv dag zog rau cov hlab ntshav, txhim kho cov metabolism, txo kev pheej hmoo ntawm cov ntshav txhaws, tiv thaiv kev puas tsuaj rau lub cev, kho cov mob txhab, kub hnyiab thiab mob nqaij. Cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo muaj nyob hauv kev noj qab haus huv kho mob rau cov kab mob ntawm cov ntshav thiab cov hlab plawv, mob peptic rwj, mob plab, vitamin tsis txaus, mob caj dab, hluav taws xob ua rau cov leeg ntawm lub qhov muag thiab tawv nqaij.

Hauv kev ua noj, jam, compotes, jelly, marshmallow, jelly, butter, kua txiv, dej khov yog feem ntau npaj los ntawm hiav txwv buckthorn berries.

Groats nplej

Qhov no yog qee cov tiav los yog tiav tiav cov nplej, uas, thaum lub sijhawm ua khoom, yog tso los ntawm cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo thiab noob tsho tiv no, embryos thiab polished. Nws yuav tsum tau sau tseg tias txawm nyob hauv phau npaiv npaum lub sijhawm, cov porridge no yog ib qho ntawm cov tais diav tseem ceeb ntawm lub rooj ntawm cov neeg nyob hauv Kalilais. Hauv Lavxias, cov nplej ntawm cov nplej yeej ib txwm piv txog kev nplua mias thiab kev vam meej, yog li nplej pob kws rau cov Slavs tau dhau los ua cov khoom lag luam tsim khoom.

Rau qhov ua cov khoom ua tau ntawm no ce, durum nplej nrog lub siab gluten cov ntsiab lus (piv txwv li, Durum ntau yam) yog siv. Nws cov lus tso tawm muaj xws li cov tshuaj muaj txiaj ntsig xws li: hmoov txhuv nplej siab, carbohydrates, cov amino acids tseem ceeb, protein, fiber, zaub mov rog, kab kawm (potassium, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium), vitamin PP, B1, C, B2, E, B6.

Kev ua tiav qib nplej zoo yog txawv los ntawm qhov feem pua ​​zoo ntawm cov noob nplej zoo, noob zoo sib xws, cov ntsiab lus muaj calorie ntau (325 kcal ib 100 grams ntawm cov khoom lag luam) thiab yooj yim zom tau.

Hom cereal no muaj kev txhawb nqa dav dav, immunostimulating zog, belongs rau qeb ntawm cov khoom "natural qhov chaw ntawm lub zog", tswj cov roj metabolism thiab txhim kho txoj hnyuv, txo cov roj cholesterol, qeeb kev laus ntawm lub cev, txhim kho cov plaub hau. , rau, tawv. Nws siv txhim kho kev ua haujlwm ntawm cov hlab plawv thiab lub hlwb, tshem tawm cov hlau hnyav, ntsev, tshuaj tua kab mob thiab cov tshuaj lom hauv lub cev.

Cov hmoov nplej tshwj xeeb yog siv los npaj tais diav rau menyuam yaus thiab zaub mov noj (piv txwv li, kua zaub, nqaij pob kws, nqaij pws thiab zaub mov).

Huab Xeeb

Nws yog rau cov nroj tsuag muaj hnub nyoog ntawm cov genus Rubus ntawm tsev neeg Pink, nws yog qhov txawv los ntawm cov ceg ntoo uas nkag mus rau hauv cov ntoo, cov qia ncaj, paj dawb thiab ntsws, nplooj zoo li lub plawv. Cloudberry txiv hmab txiv ntoo yog cov sib xyaw ua ke, liab thaum tsim, thiab amber-daj, tom qab siav, xim, uas muaj cawv, qaub-ntsim saj.

Cloudberry tau dav dav hauv Siberia, Sakhalin thiab Kamchatka; nws xum lub ncov qaum-arctic, tundra, hav zoov-tundra thiab hav zoov hav zoov.

Cloudberry txiv hmab txiv ntoo yog nplua nuj nyob hauv cov magnesium, calcium, potassium, hlau, txhuas, phosphorus, cobalt, silicon, vitamins B3, PP, B1, C, A, cov protein, qab zib, pectin tshuaj, fiber ntau, organic acids (uas yog: ascorbic, citric, malic, salicylic acid), anthocyanins, carotenoids, tannins, phytoncides, leukocyanins, leukoanthocyanins, tocopherols.

Cloudberry cov noob muaj cov khoom xyaw zoo xws li: antioxidants, omega fatty acids, linoleic thiab alpha-linoleic acids, cog sterols.

Kev siv cov pos huab pab thauj thauj hydrogen, tswj kom lub xeev colloidal ntawm cov tshuaj intercellular, normalize capillary permeability, rejuvenate cov xov tooj ntawm tes, ua kom lub zog rov ua kom cov hlwb puas, thiab cov ntaub so ntswg metabolism. Nws raug pom zoo rau kev tiv thaiv cov kab mob plawv thiab oncological.

Rau cov khoom noj, huab tais tau noj tshiab, qaub los yog tsau. Tsis tas li, koj tuaj yeem ua jelly, compote, jam, liqueur, cawv thiab kua txiv los ntawm lawv.

Sau ntawv

antarctic hniav txhuam hniav

Qhov no yog ntses ntses, uas yog nyob rau qhov kev txiav txim Perchiformes thiab muaj qhov txawv los ntawm qhov muaj ob kab nyob ib sab ntawm nws lub cev ntev, cov nplai cycloid, thiab lub qhov ncauj me me thiab flattened. Muaj kwv yees li 30 hom tsiaj nyob hauv ntiaj teb, uas feem ntau nyob hauv Antarctic thiab subantarctic dej. Cov nto moo tshaj plaws ntawm cov no yog marbled notothenia, uas zoo nkaus li zoo li tus cod nrog cov yam ntxwv ntawm lub cev, uas ua rau tsis meej pem hauv kev tshawb fawb cais cov ntses.

Notothenia nqaij yog cov khoom lag luam nrog cov ntsiab lus hauv calorie nruab nrab (100 kcal rau 148 grams), uas yog qhov txawv txav ntawm cov khoom muaj txiaj ntsig xws li: cov protein yooj yim zom, ntses roj, vitamins PP, D, A, C, cobalamin, folic acid , pyridoxine, riboflavin, thiamine, npib tsib xee, cobalt, molybdenum, fluorine, chromium, manganese, tooj liab, iodine, zinc, hlau, sulfur, chlorine, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, magnesium, calcium.

Kev siv cov notothenia pab txhawb kev txhim kho ntawm cov pob txha pob txha ntawm cov menyuam yaus, cov laus thiab cov poj niam cev xeeb tub, kev ua haujlwm ntawm cov metabolism hauv lub cev, kev tiv thaiv ntawm atherosclerosis thiab cov kab mob ntawm cov hlab plawv, kev ua haujlwm ntawm cov leeg hlwb, cov txheej txheem.

Hauv kev ua noj, vim nws lub siab saj zoo ntawm cov nqaij rog thiab muaj kua, notothenia yog siv los npaj ntau yam tais diav - nws tau hau, kib, stewed, haus.

Beluga

Ntses dej ntshiab, uas yog tsev neeg Sturgeon, yog qhov txawv los ntawm nws qhov hnyav (txog li 1 tuj) thiab qhov loj (li 4 meters). Beluga "mega-thiav neej"-tuaj yeem muaj txog ib puas xyoo. Thoob plaws hauv nws lub neej, nws nkag mus rau hauv cov dej kom ntog ntau zaus thiab "ntog" rov qab rau hauv hiav txwv. Nws qhov chaw nyob yog cov phiab ntawm Caspian, Dub thiab Azov seas. Nws yuav tsum raug sau tseg tias hom ntses sturgeon no tau teev tseg hauv Phau Ntawv Liab.

Txij ntawm qhov pom ntawm kev nuv ntses, beluga yog ntses muaj txiaj ntsig, vim nws yog qhov txawv los ntawm cov nqaij ua nqaij thiab yog tus tsim kom muaj cov nqaij ntses dub. Nws cov nqaij muaj 20% ntawm tag nrho cov huab hwm coj tau yooj yim zom cov protein, amino acids (tshwj xeeb yog methionine tseem ceeb), nickel, molybdenum, fluorine, chromium, zinc, calcium chloride, phosphorus, potassium, hlau, vitamins A, D, B, niacin sib npaug Cov.

Hauv kev ua noj, beluga nqaij tsis tsuas yog yuav khov rau qhov zoo xwb, tab sis kuj tseem haus luam yeeb, ziab lossis kaus poom. Beluga caviar yog ua tiav hauv cov thoob los yog hauv txoj kev muaj kev nplua nuj. Vyaziga tau los ua cov zaub mov tshwj xeeb ua los ntawm beluga, uas yog qhov muaj ntau hauv cov chaw ntawm nws ntes. Txoj siv zais zis ua luam dej yog siv los qhia meej cov cawv thiab ua kua nplaum, thiab tawv tawv yog siv rau khau.

Nws yuav tsum raug sau tseg tias cov pej xeem ntawm beluga yog cov txaus ntshai, yog li nws nyuaj rau yuav nqaij lossis cov ntses noj ntawm cov ntses no vim lawv cov nqi siab lossis nthuav dav.

shiitake

Qhov no yog nceb ntawm cov genus Millechniki, uas yog qhov txawv los ntawm loj, concave, slim cap nrog ib tug shaggy ntug, dawb los yog greenish-xim av xim thiab lub hollow, tuab, luv qia. Nyiam spruce, birch lossis hav zoov sib xyaw ntawm peb lub teb chaws, Belarus thiab Russia, loj hlob hauv qhov "khav theeb" nyob ib leeg lossis tag nrho tsev neeg. Thiab txawm hais tias lawv noj mis nceb, lawv “muaj zwj ceeb” ua tau thiab tsuas yog siv ua daim ntsev.

Cov mis nyuj yog cov sau tseg rau hauv cov ntsiab lus ntawm cov calories tsawg - tsuas yog 19 kcal ib puas grams. Nws muaj cov tshuaj tseem ceeb xws li cov protein, cov rog, cov tshuaj rho tawm, ascorbic acid, thiamine thiab riboflavin. Nws raug nquahu kom siv nws rau lub raum pob zeb thiab mob ntsws, mob ntshav qab zib, qhov txhab purulent, mob ntsws ntsws, urolithiasis.

Cov tshuaj nplaum

Nov yog cov mis uas muaj roj nyob hauv cov mis uas tau daws los yog tau faib los ntawm lub chaw zov me nyuam. Ua raws li cov txheej txheem ntawm kev ua, lawv muab faib ua kom tsis muaj menyuam thiab muab tshuaj txhuam.

Cov tshuaj nplaum muaj qhov feem pua ​​ntawm cov rog zom tau yooj yim - txog 35% thiab ntau yam muaj txiaj ntsig zoo (vitamin E, A, C, B2, B1, PP B, D, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, chlorine, zinc, iron, L- simptophan, lecithin). Lawv raug pom zoo kom siv los daws cov leeg hlwb, txhim kho kev ua haujlwm ntawm gonads, nrog insomnia, kev nyuaj siab thiab lom (qee kis).

Cov tshuaj nplaum yog siv los ua txhua yam khoom noj qab zib (khoom qab zib, cheesecakes, shortbreads, ice cream, risotto, cream), kua zaub, kua ntsw, fricassee, julienne, mascarpone, Mongolian tshuaj yej thiab ntau lwm yam tais diav.

nyuj

Nqaij ntawm cov neeg sawv cev ntawm cov nyuj (heifers, bulls, oxen, gobies thiab nyuj). Nws yog qhov txawv los ntawm elasticity, muaj kua-liab nyob rau hauv cov xim, muaj ib tug qab ntxiag tsw thiab muag ilv fibrous marble qauv, mos veins ntawm nws cov rog yog txawv los ntawm whitish-creamy xim.

Cov xwm txheej nram qab no cuam tshuam rau qhov zoo ntawm nqaij nyuj: lub hnub nyoog thiab kev sib deev ntawm tus tsiaj, hom kev pub noj, tej yam xwm txheej ntawm kev saib xyuas, cov txheej txheem loj hlob ntawm cov nqaij, kev ntxhov siab ntawm cov tsiaj ua ntej tua tsiaj. Nqaij nyuj ntau yam txawv nyob ntawm ib feem ntawm lub cev uas coj los. Piv txwv li, cov nqaij nyug siab tshaj plaws yog pob tw, lub mis lossis nraub qaum, pob tw, puv pob thiab pob tw; thawj qib - flank, xub pwg los yog lub xub pwg ntawm lub cev ntaj ntsug; qib ob yog sab nraub qaum lossis pem hauv ntej shank, txiav.

Nqaij nyuj muaj cov poov tshuaj, sodium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, tooj liab, zinc, sulfur, cobalt, vitamins A, E, C, B6, B12, PP, B2, B1, ua tiav cov protein.

Noj cov nqaij nyuj ua rau muaj qhov nqus hlau, rov qab los ntawm kev raug mob, kho cov mob sib kis, hlawv, thiab pab txhawm rau qaug zog. Nws raug nquahu rau cov hlau tsis muaj ntshav tsis txaus thiab qhov muaj zog hauv cov cholesterol. Nqaij ntses nplooj siab yog qhov zoo rau kev kho mob urolithiasis thiab kev tiv thaiv lub plawv.

Nqaij nyoos tuaj yeem siv los ua cutlets, nqaij yob, Uzbek pilaf bakhsh, Greek stifado, nqaij pob txha nqaij, nqaij ci nqaij, nqaij ci nqaij, zeppelin, ci, nqaij ci nqaij, stew, nqaij nyuj stroganoff thiab lwm yam kev ua noj ua haus.

briar

qus Rose

Xa mus rau perennial, qus-loj hlob zuj zus shrubs ntawm Pink tsev neeg. Nws yog qhov txawv los ntawm cov ceg ntoo loj, crescent-puab qhov ruaj khov thiab ua paj dawb lossis daj paj. Cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo-zoo li lub duav rose muaj xim liab-txiv kab ntxwv thiab muaj ntau lub ntsej muag plaub hau.

Qee cov kws tshawb fawb hais tias cov roob ntawm Himalayas thiab Iran yog qhov chaw yug ntawm tsob nroj no. Hauv lub ntiaj teb niaj hnub no, tus aub rose tau nthuav dav hauv txhua qhov chaw huab cua, tshwj tsis yog av qhuav, tundra thiab permafrost.

Lub cev liab duav yog cov khoom siv hauv lub cev tsawg - tsuas yog 51 kcal ib 100 g. Lawv muaj cov protein, carbohydrates, fiber ntau kev noj haus, dawb organic acids, calcium, sodium, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, hlau, manganese, tooj liab, molybdenum, chromium, cobalt, vitamins B1, B6, B2, K, PP, E, C, xim thiab tannins, riboflavin, carotene, malic thiab citric acid, phytoncides, piam thaj, cov roj yam tseem ceeb.

Rosehip yog tus yam ntxwv ntawm kev ntxiv dag zog, tiv thaiv kev mob, kho qhov txhab, tsis muaj zog diuretic, choleretic thiab tonic zog, ua rau lub cev tiv thaiv kab mob. Kev siv lub duav sawv yuav pab ntxuav lub cev ncig, txhim kho cov metabolism, txhawb lub cev nrog cov vitamins thiab txo ntshav siab. Nws tau pom zoo kom siv hauv scurvy, ntshav tsis txaus, kab mob ntawm lub zais zis, lub raum thiab daim siab, atherosclerosis thiab ntau lwm yam kab mob.

Rosehip berries tuaj yeem siv los ua cawv txiv hmab hauv tsev, tshuaj yej, compote, kua zaub, kua txiv, cognac, jam, phoov, tincture, liqueur, marmalade, marshmallow, jam, jelly, paj npleg, pies, ncuav, qos yaj ywm mashed, kua ntsw.

Lub hleb

Nws yog rau cov ntoo thermophilic tas mus li ntawm Sumakhovy tsev neeg. Cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo cashew muaj lub “txiv av” thiab txiv ntoo cashew uas txuas rau sab txiv ntoo.

“Kua” cov kua txiv ntseej yog cov loj me, txiv moj coos thiab qab qab zib, muaj kua, roj tsw qab. Cov kua taum daj yog xim daj, xim liab lossis txiv kab ntxwv hauv qhov xim. Cov txiv ntoo cashew zais hauv lub plhaub tawv nrog lub plhaw roj organic (cardol). Yog li no, ua ntej yuav rho tawm cov txiv ntoo, cov tuam ntxhab muab nws rau kev kho cua sov kom txhawm rau txhawm rau nqus cov pa tshuaj lom no.

Cashews tau pib lawv txoj kev ncig thoob ntiaj teb los ntawm South America thiab tam sim no ua tiav zoo hauv Brazil, Is Nrias teb, Indonesia, Nigeria, Nyab Laj thiab Thaib.

Cov txiv ntoo cashew yog cov khoom noj muaj calorie ntau ntau: 100 kcal ib 643 grams thiab kib, feem - 574 kcal. Lawv muaj cov protein, carbohydrates, vitamins B2, A, B1, hlau, phosphorus, zinc, calcium. Lawv muaj tonic, muaj antiseptic thiab tua ua haujlwm. Lawv raug pom zoo rau siv rau hauv kev kho mob khoom noj khoom haus rau dystrophy, anemia, metabolic ntshawv siab, psoriasis, mob hniav. Thiab tseem siv kev siv cov khoom noj zoo li cas yuav pab txo qis cov roj (cholesterol), ua kom lub cev tsis muaj zog, thiab ua haujlwm ntawm cov hlab plawv.

Hauv kev ua noj, ob qho tib si cashew txiv apples thiab txiv ntoo yog siv. Hmoov tsis zoo, cashew txiv apples yog cov khoom tsis zoo, yog li lawv tsuas yog muag hauv cov teb chaws uas cov cashews loj hlob (piv txwv li, hauv Is Nrias teb, jams, kua txiv hmab txiv ntoo, jelly, dej qab zib, compotes yog tsim los ntawm lawv).

Cov txiv ntoo tuaj yeem noj cov nqaij nyoos los yog kib, ntxiv rau cov kua ntses, zaub nyoos, khoom qab zib thiab khoom noj txom ncauj, thiab butter uas zoo li txiv laum huab xeeb.

Sau ntawv cia Ncua