Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces chrysospermus) yees duab thiab piav qhia

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Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces chrysospermus)

Systematics:
  • Kev faib tawm: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Chav Kawm: Dacrymycetes (Dacrymycetes)
  • Subclass: Incertae sedis (ntawm txoj hauj lwm tsis meej)
  • Kev txiav txim: Dacrymycetales (Dacrymycetes)
  • Tsev neeg: Dacrymycetaceae
  • Hom: Dacrymyces (Dacrymyces)
  • hom: Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces golden spore)
  • Dacrymyces palmatus
  • Tremella palmata Schwein

Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces chrysospermus) yees duab thiab piav qhia

Tam sim no lub npe yog Dacrymyces chrysospermus Berk. & MA Curtis

Xyoo 1873, cov kab mob tau piav qhia los ntawm British mycologist Miles Joseph Berkeley (1803-1889) thiab New Zealander Moses Ashley Curtis, uas tau muab nws lub npe Dacrymyces chrysospermus.

Etymology los ntawm δάκρυμα (dacryma) n, kua muag + μύκης, ητος (mykēs, ētos) m, nceb. Qhov tshwj xeeb epithet chrysospermus los ntawm χρυσός (Greek) m, kub, thiab oσπέρμα (Greek) - noob.

Hauv qee lub tebchaws uas hais lus Askiv, nceb ntawm genus Dacrymyces muaj lwm lub npe nrov "witches butter", uas txhais tau tias "witch's butter".

nyob rau hauv lub cev fruiting tsis muaj lub kaus mom, qia thiab hymenophore. Es tsis txhob, tag nrho cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo lub cev yog ib tug lobed los yog lub paj hlwb zoo li pob ntawm tawv tab sis gelatinous ntaub so ntswg. Txiv hmab txiv ntoo lub cev xws li loj los ntawm 3 mus rau 20 mm nyob rau hauv dav thiab nyob rau hauv qhov siab, thaum xub thawj yuav luag kheej kheej, ces noj nyob rau hauv ib tug zuj zus wrinkled lobed hlwb-puab, me ntsis flattened zoo, tau ib tug zoo li ib tug ceg thiab ib tug zuag-puab cap. Qhov saum npoo yog du thiab nplaum, txawm li cas los xij, nyob rau hauv kev nthuav dav, me ntsis roughness yog pom.

Feem ntau fruiting lub cev sib koom ua ke los ntawm 1 mus rau 3 cm nyob rau hauv qhov siab thiab mus txog rau 6 cm nyob rau hauv dav. Cov xim ntawm qhov chaw yog nplua nuj daj, daj-txiv kab ntxwv, qhov chaw ntawm kev txuas mus rau lub substrate yog nqaim thiab txawv txawv dawb, thaum qhuav, lub cev fruiting ua ib tug translucent reddish-xim av.

Pulp elastic gelatin zoo li, ua softer nrog lub hnub nyoog, tib xim raws li qhov saum npoo ntawm fruiting lub cev. Nws tsis muaj qhov hnov ​​tsw thiab saj.

spore hmoov - daj.

Controversy 18-23 x 6,5-8 microns, elongated, yuav luag cylindrical, du, nyias-walled.

Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces chrysospermus) yees duab thiab piav qhia

Nyob rau hauv rotting trunks thiab stumps ntawm coniferous ntoo. Txiv hmab txiv ntoo, raws li txoj cai, nyob rau hauv pawg ntawm cov ntoo tsis muaj bark, los yog los ntawm cov kab nrib pleb nyob rau hauv bark.

fruiting lub sij hawm - yuav luag tag nrho lub caij snowless los ntawm lub caij nplooj ntoos hlav mus rau lub caij nplooj zeeg lig. Nws tuaj yeem tshwm sim thaum lub caij ntuj no thaws thiab zam lub caij ntuj no hauv qab daus zoo. Qhov chaw faib khoom yog dav - nyob rau hauv thaj tsam ntawm kev faib cov hav zoov coniferous ntawm North America, Eurasia. Nws tseem tuaj yeem pom sab qaum teb ntawm Arctic Circle.

Cov nceb noj tau tab sis tsis muaj qhov tsw. Nws yog siv ob qho tib si nyoos ua ib qho ntxiv rau zaub nyoos, thiab boiled (hauv soups) thiab kib (feem ntau nyob rau hauv batter) daim ntawv.

Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces chrysospermus) yees duab thiab piav qhia

Dacrymyces vanishing (Dacrymyces deliquescens)

- ib tug gelatinous cov txheeb ze muaj me me, irregularly spherical fruiting lub cev zoo li txiv kab ntxwv los yog daj candies, nrog ntau kua txiv hmab txiv ntoo.

Dacrimyces golden spores, txawm hais tias muaj qhov sib txawv me me, kuj muaj qhov zoo li sab nraud rau qee hom kev tshee:

Trembling golden (Tremella aurantia) Tsis zoo li dacrimyces aureus spores, nws loj hlob ntawm cov ntoo ntoo ntawm cov ntoo dav dav thiab cab rau ntawm cov kab mob ntawm cov genus Stereum. Cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo lub cev ntawm lub golden tshee yog loj dua.

Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces chrysospermus) yees duab thiab piav qhia

Txiv kab ntxwv trembling (Tremella mesenterica)

- kuj txawv ntawm kev loj hlob ntawm cov ntoo deciduous thiab parasitizes ntawm fungi ntawm genus Peniophora. Cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo lub cev ntawm cov txiv kab ntxwv tshee yog feem ntau loj dua thiab tsis muaj cov xim dawb li no ntawm qhov taw tes ntawm kev txuas mus rau lub substrate. Spore hmoov, ntawm qhov tod tes, yog dawb nyob rau hauv sib piv rau cov hmoov daj spore ntawm Dacrymyces chrysospermus.

Cov.

Yees duab: Vicki. Peb xav tau cov duab ntawm Dacrymyces chrysospermus!

Sau ntawv cia Ncua