Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster) yees duab thiab piav qhia

txheem

Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster)

Systematics:
  • Kev faib tawm: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Chav Kawm: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
  • Subclass: Incertae sedis (ntawm txoj hauj lwm tsis meej)
  • Kev txiav txim: Polyporales (Polypore)
  • Tsev Neeg: Fomitopsidaceae (Fomitopsis)
  • Hom: Postia (Postiya)
  • hom: Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster)

txhais:

  • Postia puffy-bellied
  • Postia folded
  • Oligoporous folded
  • Oligoporus puhlobruhii

Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster) yees duab thiab piav qhia

Lub npe tam sim no: Postia ptychogaster (F. Ludw.) Vesterh., hauv Knudsen & Hansen, Nordic Jl Bot. 16(2): 213 (1996)

Postia folded-plam daim ntawv ob hom txiv hmab txiv ntoo lub cev: ib tug tiag tiag tsim fruiting lub cev thiab lub thiaj li hu ua "conidial", theem imperfect. Txiv hmab txiv ntoo lub cev ntawm ob hom tuaj yeem loj hlob ntawm ob sab ntawm ib sab thiab ib txhij, thiab ntawm ib leeg.

tiag fruiting lub cev thaum hluas, lateral, mos, dawb. Nws loj hlob nyob ib leeg lossis hauv cov pab pawg me, lub cev nyob ze tuaj yeem sib koom ua cov duab txawv txawv. Ib qho piv txwv tuaj yeem ncav cuag txoj kab uas hla mus txog 10 cm, qhov siab (thickness) txog 2 cm, nws cov duab yog hauv ncoo-puab lossis semicircular. Qhov saum npoo yog pubescent, plaub hau, dawb hauv cov tub ntxhais hluas txiv hmab txiv ntoo lub cev, tig xim av rau cov laus.

Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster) yees duab thiab piav qhia

Txiv hmab txiv ntoo lub cev nyob rau hauv lub conidial theem me me, txog qhov loj ntawm tus ntiv tes mus rau qhov loj ntawm lub qe quail, zoo li cov pob me me. Thawj dawb, ces daj-xim av. Thaum siav, lawv ua xim av, nkig, powdery thiab disintegrate, tso mature chlamydospores.

Hymenophore: Tubular, tsim nyob rau hauv qis ib feem ntawm lub cev fruiting, tsis tshua muaj, lig thiab sai heev decays, uas ua rau kev txheeb xyuas nyuaj. Cov tubules yog nkig thiab luv, 2-5 hli, sparse, thaum xub thawj me me, kwv yees li 2-4 ib hli, tsis tu ncua "honeycomb" zoo, tom qab, nrog kev loj hlob, mus txog 1 hli inch, feem ntau nrog cov phab ntsa tawg. Lub hymenophore yog nyob, raws li txoj cai, nyob rau hauv qab ntawm lub cev fruiting, qee zaum nyob rau sab. Cov xim ntawm hymenophore yog dawb, creamy, nrog hnub nyoog - cream.

Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster) yees duab thiab piav qhia

(Duab: Wikipedia)

Pulp: mos nyob rau hauv cov tub ntxhais hluas fruiting lub cev, ntau ntom thiab ruaj ntawm lub hauv paus. Nws muaj cov txheej txheem radially sib cais los ntawm cov voids uas muaj chlamydospores. Nyob rau hauv seem, ib tug concentric zonal qauv tuaj yeem pom. Nyob rau hauv cov neeg laus nceb, cov nqaij yog tawg, crusty.

Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster) yees duab thiab piav qhia

Chlamydospores (uas daim ntawv nyob rau theem tsis zoo) yog oval-elliptical, tuab-walled, 4,7 × 3,4-4,5 µm.

Basidiospores (los ntawm cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo tiag tiag) yog elliptical, nrog lub qhov ntswg beveled ntawm qhov kawg, du, tsis muaj xim, feem ntau nrog ib qho poob. Luas 4–5,5 × 2,5–3,5 µm.

Inedible.

Postia folded-bellied - lig Autumn hom.

Loj hlob on deadwood, nrog rau cov kab mob hauv paus rau tuag thiab tsis muaj zog ntoo ntawm cov ntoo nyob hauv coniferous thiab sib xyaw hav zoov, feem ntau ntawm conifers, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog ntawm Pine thiab spruce, kuj tau sau tseg ntawm larch. Nws kuj tshwm sim ntawm cov ntoo deciduous, tab sis tsis tshua muaj.

Ua rau xim av rot ntawm ntoo.

Ntxiv nrog rau cov hav zoov thiab kev cog qoob loo, nws tuaj yeem loj hlob sab nraum zoov ntawm cov ntoo kho: hauv qab daus, attics, ntawm laj kab thiab ncej.

Txiv hmab txiv ntoo lub cev yog txhua xyoo, nyob rau hauv tej yam kev mob zoo nyob rau hauv qhov chaw lawv nyiam, lawv loj hlob txhua xyoo.

Postia ptychogaster yog suav tias yog tsawg. Sau npe hauv Phau Ntawv Liab ntawm ntau lub tebchaws. Nyob rau hauv teb chaws Poland, nws muaj R raws li txoj cai - tej zaum yuav muaj kev puas tsuaj vim muaj ntau yam tsawg. Thiab hauv Finland, ntawm qhov tsis sib xws, hom tsis tshua muaj, nws tseem muaj lub npe nrov "Powdered Curling Ball".

Nws muaj nyob thoob plaws Europe thiab Peb Lub Tebchaws, Canada thiab North America.

Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster) yees duab thiab piav qhia

Postia astringent (Postia stiptica)

Qhov no postia tsis muaj xws li ib tug pubescent nto ntawm fruiting lub cev, nyob rau hauv tas li ntawd, nws muaj ib tug meej iab saj (yog tias koj twv sim)

Zoo ib yam li cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo uas tsis zoo li lub cev pubescent tshwm sim hauv lwm hom tsiaj hauv cov genus Postia thiab Tyromyces, tab sis lawv tsis tshua muaj thiab feem ntau me me.

  • Arongylium fuliginoides (Pers.) Link, Mag. Gesell. Cov phooj ywg ntuj, Berlin 3(1-2): 24 (1809)
  • Ceriomyces albus (Corda) Sacc., Syll. fungus (Abellini) 6: 388 (1888)
  • Ceriomyces albus var. richonii Sacc., Sib. fungus (Abellini) 6: 388 (1888)
  • Ceriomyces richonii Sacc., Syll. kab mob. (Abellini) 6: 388 (1888)
  • Leptoporus ptychogaster (F. Ludw.) Pilát, hauv Kavina & Pilát, Atlas Champ. L'Europe, III, Polyporaceae (Prague) 1: 206 (1938)
  • Oligoporus ptychogaster (F. Ludw.) Falck & O. Falck, hauv Ludwig, kev tshawb fawb qhuav rot. 12:41 (1937).
  • Oligoporus ustilaginoides Bref., Unters. tag nrho tus nqi Mycol. (Liepzig) 8:134 (1889)
  • Polyporus ptychogaster F. Ludw., Z. sau. Xwm Txheej Taug Kev 3: 424 (1880)
  • Polyporus ustilaginoides (Bref.) Sacc. & Traverso, Sib. kab mob. (Abellini) 20: 497 (1911)
  • Ptychogaster albus Corda, Icon. kab mob. (Prague) 2:24, fig. 90 (1838) xyoo
  • Ptychogaster flavescens Falck & O. Falck, Hausschwamm-forsch. Xyoo 12 (1937)
  • Ptychogaster fuliginoides (Pers.) Donk, Proc. K. Ned. Akad. Wet., Sib. C, Biol. Med. Sci. 75 (3): 170 (1972)
  • Strongylium fuliginoides (Pers.) Ditmar, Neues J. Bot. 3 (3, 4): 55 (1809)
  • Trichoderma fuliginoides Pers., Syn. meth. kab mob. (Göttingen) 1:231 (1801)
  • Tyromyces ptychogaster (F. Ludw.) Donk, Meded. Pob txha. Sparrow. Tshuaj ntsuab. Rijks Univ. Phau Ntawv Nkauj 9:153 (1933)

Yees duab: Mushik.

Sau ntawv cia Ncua